Czech Republic (1871—1957)
Czech born Kupka studied in Prague, Vienna and Paris, where he discovered Fauvism and Pointilism. His artistic experimentation with abstract curvilinear compositions gave birth to the Orphism movement. In 1912 he exhibited at the Salon d’Automne with the work Amorpha: Fugue in two colours. After the war he returned to figurative painting until 1931, when he signed up to join the Abstraction-Création group and continued to work on non-representational art.