Czech Republic (1902—1983)
Although Čapek started his career as a painter, in a Cubist style, he began writing plays and short stories with his brother Karel. He wrote novels such as Land of many names and he is thought to have invented the word robot. He wrote and illustrated children stories Povídání o Pejskovi a Kočičce (All About Doggie and Pussycat). He also worked as a cartoonist for a newspaper in Prague. Arrested by the Nazis, he wrote Poems from a concentration camp and died in 1945.