After studying art at the University of Belgrade, Petrov started to collaborate with the magazine Zenit. From 1921 he created a vast number of linocuts, such as Autoportret (Self-Portrait). He translated Kandinsky into Serbian and was deeply influenced by his theories and entertained himself with poetry. Petrov also collaborated with the magazines Dada Tank and Ut. In 1924 he created the portrait of Micić, used as the cover of the International Exhibition of New Art, in which he also presented one of his works. From 1926 he joined the Group Oblik / Form.