Czech Republic (1897—1976)
After his studies at the Academy of Applied Arts in Prague, he started to work as a painter but soon moved his attention to design and typography. He became art director of a publishing house and later editor of an architecture and design magazine. He curated the design for the Czech Pavillion at 1939 World’s Fair in New York. The start of WWII forced him to remain in US, where he worked as an art director before setting up his own company. He created all typographic design for McGraw-Hill and Printex corporate identity. He was also art director for Theatre Art magazine. He authored several books about graphic design.