MA-g
The Museum of Avant-garde

André Breton

France (1896—1966)
Breton was born into a working class family in Normandy. His studied medicine and psychiatry until the start of WWI, when he was assigned to work in the wards in Nantes. After the war Breton joined the Dadaist movement along Man Ray and Duchamp. In 1919 he founded the journal Littérature, and the following year he wrote Les Champs magnetiques authoring the Surrealist automatic writing. In 1924 he published the Surrealism Manifesto and became editor of the surrealist magazine La Révolution surréaliste. Between 1927 and 1933 he worked for the communist party in France and during these years he wrote Nadja – one of his most important works. In 1933 he published the poem Fata Morgana, illustrated in 1939 following a collaboration with Wilfred Lam. Breton escaped WWII finding refuge in the US – where he met his third wife – and in Canada, where he remained until 1946. Back in Paris he mentored a second wave of Surrealism and wrote several pieces including Manifeste du Surrealism, L’Art Magique and Constellations. He died in 1966 at the age of 70.

Calendrier 20

Magazine / 22.9 x 19.5 cm / Paris, 1919

Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution

Journal / Letterpress / 20 x 28.5 cm / Paris, 1930-1933

Bulletin Dada

Journal / Letterpress / 27.9 x 37.8 cm / Paris, 1920

Dadameter

Die Schammade / Magazine / Letterpress with woodcuts / 22.9 x 29.4 cm / Berlin, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / VG Bild-Kunst, Germany

391

Journal de l' instantanéisme / Magazine / Letterpress / 27.3 x 36.6 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Le coeur à barbe

Journal / Letterpress and relief on two folded sheets / 14 x 23 cm / Paris, 1922 / © Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / Succession Marcel Duchamp

Quelques oeuvres de Picabia

Gallery catalogue / 21.4 x 26.6 cm / Paris, 1951 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

La pomme de Pins

Magazine / Letterpress / 28.5 x 38.1 cm / Saint-Raphael, 1922

Paris des rêves

Photographic book / Heliogravure / 22 x 28.2 cm / Lausanne, 1950 / © 1950, La Guilde du Livre, Lausanne

Dada Phone 7

Journal / Letterpress / 18.8 x 28.1 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Christophe Tzara

391

L'Étoile au front / Magazine / Letterpress / 27.7 x 37.7 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

491

50 Ans de plaisirs par Michel Tapié / Journal / Letterpress / 50.2 x 65.6 cm / Paris, 1949 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Proverbe

Feuille mensuelle pour la justification des mots / Journal / Letterpress / 13.9 x 21.4 cm / Paris, 1920-1921

Cannibale 1

Magazine / Letterpress / 15.7 x 23.9 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Projecteur

Magazine / Letterpress / 22.9 x 9.9 cm / Paris, 1920

Anthologie Dada

Dada 4-5 / Journal / Letterpress with original woodcuts and lithographs / 19 x 28.2 cm / Zürich, 1919

La photographie n'est pas L’art

12 Photomechanical prints / 25.5 x 16 cm / Paris, 1937

391

Au pluriel / Magazine / Letterpress / 37.8 x 57.3 cm / Paris, 1920 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

391

Black and white / Magazine / Letterpress / 28 x 37.7 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Littérature

Magazine / Letterpress / 18.2 x 23.6 cm / Paris, 1919-1922 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

391

Calendrier cinéma du coeur abstrait / Magazine / Letterpress / 38.4 x 55.8 cm / Paris, 1920 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Cannibale 2

Magazine / Letterpress / 15.7 x 23.9 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris