MA-g
The Museum of Avant-garde

André Breton

France (1896—1966)
Breton was born into a working class family in Normandy. His studied medicine and psychiatry until the start of WWI, when he was assigned to work in the wards in Nantes. After the war Breton joined the Dadaist movement along Man Ray and Duchamp. In 1919 he founded the journal Littérature, and the following year he wrote Les Champs magnetiques authoring the Surrealist automatic writing. In 1924 he published the Surrealism Manifesto and became editor of the surrealist magazine La Révolution surréaliste. In 1930 he joined the Communist party in France and during these years he wrote Nadja – one of his most important works. In 1933 he published the poem Fata Morgana, illustrated in 1939 following a collaboration with Wilfred Lam. Breton escaped WWII finding refuge in the US – where he met his third wife – and in Canada, where he remained until 1946. Back in Paris he mentored a second wave of Surrealism and wrote several pieces including a new Manifeste du Surrealism, L’Art Magique and Constellations. He died in 1966 at the age of 70.

Dadameter

Die Schammade / Magazine / Letterpress with woodcuts / 22.9 x 29.4 cm / Berlin, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / VG Bild-Kunst, Germany

+

Littérature

Magazine / Letterpress / 18.2 x 23.6 cm / Paris, 1919-1922 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

+

La photographie n'est pas L’art

12 Photomechanical prints / 25.5 x 16 cm / Paris, 1937

+

La pomme de Pins

Magazine / Letterpress / 28.5 x 38.1 cm / Saint-Raphael, 1922

+

391

Black and white / Magazine / Letterpress / 28 x 37.7 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Cannibale 2

Magazine / Letterpress / 15.7 x 23.9 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

+

Projecteur

Magazine / Letterpress / 22.9 x 9.9 cm / Paris, 1920

Cannibale 1

Magazine / Letterpress / 15.7 x 23.9 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

+

Bulletin Dada

Journal / Letterpress / 27.9 x 37.8 cm / Paris, 1920

Calendrier 20

Magazine / 22.9 x 19.5 cm / Paris, 1919

+

491

50 Ans de plaisirs par Michel Tapié / Journal / Letterpress / 50.2 x 65.6 cm / Paris, 1949 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Anthologie Dada

Dada 4-5 / Journal / Letterpress with original woodcuts and lithographs / 19 x 28.2 cm / Zürich, 1919

+

Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution

Journal / Letterpress / 20 x 28.5 cm / Paris, 1930-1933

+

Quelques oeuvres de Picabia

Gallery catalogue / 21.4 x 26.6 cm / Paris, 1951 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

+

Proverbe

Feuille mensuelle pour la justification des mots / Journal / Letterpress / 13.9 x 21.4 cm / Paris, 1920-1921

+

Le coeur à barbe

Journal / Letterpress and relief on two folded sheets / 14 x 23 cm / Paris, 1922 / © Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / Succession Marcel Duchamp

391

L'Étoile au front / Magazine / Letterpress / 27.7 x 37.7 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

+

391

Calendrier cinéma du coeur abstrait / Magazine / Letterpress / 38.4 x 55.8 cm / Paris, 1920 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

Dada Phone 7

Journal / Letterpress / 18.8 x 28.1 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Christophe Tzara

Paris des rêves

Photographic book / Heliogravure / 22 x 28.2 cm / Lausanne, 1950 / © 1950, La Guilde du Livre, Lausanne

+

391

Journal de l' instantanéisme / Magazine / Letterpress / 27.3 x 36.6 cm / Paris, 1924 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

391

Au pluriel / Magazine / Letterpress / 37.8 x 57.3 cm / Paris, 1920 / © Francis Picabia c/o Sabam, 2020

+