Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
Born in Alexandria, educated between Egypt, Italy and France, Marinetti started his career working for an Italian-French magazine. In 1909 his Manifeste du Futurism was published on LeFigaro: Marinetti revolutionary ideas soon influenced painters such as Balla, Boccioni and Severini, who together published a painters futurist manifesto on their own. He produced Le Roi Bombance and La donna è mobile (Poupées électrique) and published the novel Mafarka le futuriste. During his trip to England he met artists and influenced C.R.W. Nevinson and Wyndham Lewis, whose Vorticism drew from original Futurist ideas. Marinetti’s vision was deeply interwoven with politics: he openly welcomed the war, as he theorised in War the Only Hygiene of the World. He participated to the First Balkan War and the Siege of Adrianopole: this inspired his sound poem Zang Tumb Tumb. He also participated to the victory of Vittorio Veneto. After WWI he founded the Futurist Political Party, which later merged with the Fascist Party. His strive for everything new also brought him to condemn Italian traditional food; instead he described in his Futuristic cookbook the Tactile Dinner. However Mussolini’s little interest in art meant that Futurism was more tolerated than supported by the government. Yet he fought during WWII at the age of 65 and died two years later of heart attack.