Born in the Kingdom of Hungary (now Slovakia), Blühová practised photography as a hobby and as a tool to portrait social conditions at her time. From 1931 to 1932 she studied at the Bauhaus in Dessau but after its closure she returned to Bratislava and opened the Blüh Bookshop. She became more politically involved. She also studied at the School of Applied Arts, under Karel Plika. After WWII she took up photography and in 1951 she started teaching at the State Pedagogical Institute. Her work during the Prague Spring was censored and only in 1989 she received formal recognition for her work.