Czech Republic (1900—1951)
Born in Prague at the century, he joined the Devětsil (Butterbur) movement in 1920s. He worked as editor and graphic designer for ReD magazine, the movement’s monthly publication. He met in Prague artists such as Le Corbusier, Man Ray Klee, Mayakovsky and Gropius. He became one of the driving forces behind the Paris – Prague avant-garde axis. He attended the CIAM (International Congresses of Modern Architecture) and became an architecture critic. A close friend of Hans Meyer, he was also often invited to lecture at the Bauhaus in Dessau. In 1932 he published his book The Minimum Dwelling, condensing his views on architecture. After WWII he welcomed the Russian presence and political change but the new government condemned him as a Trotskyist and destroyed most of his work.