MA-g
The Museum of Avant-garde

Max Ernst

Germany (1891—1976)
With the favour and support of his father, Max Ernst discovered art since his early age. His painting career started when he decided to join Die Rheinishen Expressionisten led by August Macke but was suddently interrupted by WWI. Only in 1919 Ernst restarted to paint in Munich and founded a Dada group in Cologne, later joined by Hans Arp. In 1921 he met Breton and Paul Éluard: he collaborated with both creating illustrations for books and poems of the two artists. After a trip to South East Asia, he returned to Paris and in 1924 he founded the Surrealism movement. During these years he also experimented different techniques: the frottage and later the grattage, developed with Miró. With the start of WWII, he managed to escape a French camp and finally reached the US. There he continued his work using different media and techniques, from drawings to illustrations, to collages to decalcomania. After the war he turned his style into Abstract Expressionism: in his later years he became less experimental but continued to work on different art forms.

La loterie du jardin zoologique

Illustrated book / 12.7 x 16.3 cm / Paris, 1951

Proverbe

Feuille mensuelle pour la justification des mots / Journal / Letterpress / 13.9 x 21.4 cm / Paris, 1920-1921

Calendrier 20

Magazine / 22.9 x 19.5 cm / Paris, 1919

Foto-auge

76 Fotos der Zeit / Photographic book with letterpress cover by El Lissitzky / Heliogravure / 20.6 x 29.2 cm / Stuttgart, 1929 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

Dadameter

Die Schammade / Magazine / Letterpress with woodcuts / 22.9 x 29.4 cm / Berlin, 1920 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / VG Bild-Kunst, Germany

Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution

Journal / Letterpress / 20 x 28.5 cm / Paris, 1930-1933

La femme 100 têtes

Illustrated book / 147 reproductions after collages / 19.2 x 25.1 cm / Chartres, 1929 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Bulletin D

Booklet / Letterpress and line block / 17.5 x 23 cm / Köln, 1919 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Les malheurs des immortels

Illustrated book / 21.7 x 32.8 cm / 1922 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Dada Phone 7

Journal / Letterpress / 18.8 x 28.1 cm / Paris, 1920 / © 2020 Christophe Tzara

Une semaine de bonté ou les sept éléments capitaux

Serial novel / Line block after collages / 27.8 x 20.8 cm / Paris, 1934 / © 2020 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Der Sängerkrieg

Magazine / Letterpress and woodcuts / 21 x 31.4 cm / Paris, 1921

La ballade du soldat

By George Ribemont-Dessaignes / Illustrated book / 34 original lithographs / 27.8 x 38.2 cm / Vence, 1972

Bleu

Magazine / Letterpress / 25 x 37 cm / Mantova, 1920-1921

Œsophage

Magazine / Letterpress / 22.4 x 28.4 cm / Bruxelles, 1925