Born in Davos, Switzerland, she studied drawings and moved to Germany to continue his education in textile design. Upon her return in Switzerland, she met her future husband Hans Arp and the couple joined the new Dada movement, performing at the Cabaret Voltaire in Zürich. Sophie signed the Dada manifesto with Hugo Ball. In 1928 Taeuber-Arp relocated to Meunon near Paris. In these years they collaborated with Theo Van Doesburg. From 1940 the couple moved again in the attempt to escape the Nazi occupation, settling first in south France and then in Switzerland. She died in 1943 for carbon dioxide poisoning.