Originated in 1931 by Georges Vantongerloo, Jean Hélion and Auguste Herbin, Abstraction-Création was an association of artists that were active in the sphere of abstract art, in all forms, although many of them came from Concrete Art, Constructivism and Neoplasticism movements. The association was not as prescriptive as other groups, so it managed to attract quite diverse artists, moved by different principles and intents, simply taking over from Cercle et Carré, founded just a year earlier. It became the counterpart of the widely spread Surrealism, which remained predominantly figurative. Lasting about five years, the annual publication Abstraction-Création welcomed inputs and influences from artists such as Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Kandinsky, Gabo, Mondrian, Delaunay, Calder, Albers, and Moholy-Nagy and managed to recruit about 400 affiliated artists in this period of time. In this sense Abstraction-Création became the only strong alternative to Surrealism during that period.